Kali Linux Befehle / Commands

 In Linux
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Hier findest Du eine übersichtliche Aufstellung der wichtigsten und gängigsten Kali Linux Befehle.

  • apropos
  • apt-get
  • aptitude
  • aspell
  • awk

Search Help manual pages (man -k)
Search for and install software packages (Debian)
Search for and install software packages (Debian)
Spell Checker
Find and Replace text, database sort/validate/index

  • basename
  • bash
  • bc
  • bg
  • break
  • builtin
  • bzip2

Strip directory and suffix from filenames
GNU Bourne-Again SHell
Arbitrary precision calculator language
Send to background
Exit from a loop
Run a shell builtin
Compress or decompress named file(s)

  • cal
  • case
  • cat
  • cd
  • cfdisk
  • chgrp
  • chmod
  • chown
  • chroot
  • chkconfig
  • cksum
  • clear
  • cmp
  • comm
  • command
  • continue
  • cp
  • cron
  • crontab
  • csplit
  • cut

Display a calendar
Conditionally perform a command
Concatenate and print (display) the content of files
Change Directory
Partition table manipulator for Linux
Change group ownership
Change access permissions
Change file owner and group
Run a command with a different root directory
System services (runlevel)
Print CRC checksum and byte counts
Clear terminal screen
Compare two files
Compare two sorted files line by line
Run a command – ignoring shell functions
Resume the next iteration of a loop
Copy one or more files to another location
Daemon to execute scheduled commands
Schedule a command to run at a later time
Split a file into context-determined pieces
Divide a file into several parts

  • date
  • dc
  • dd
  • ddrescue
  • declare
  • df
  • diff
  • diff3
  • dig
  • dir
  • dircolors
  • dirname
  • dirs
  • dmesg
  • du

Display or change the date & time
Desk Calculator
Convert and copy a file, write disk headers, boot records
Data recovery tool
Declare variables and give them attributes
Display free disk space
Display the differences between two files
Show differences among three files
DNS lookup
Briefly list directory contents
Colour setup for `ls‘
Convert a full pathname to just a path
Display list of remembered directories
Print kernel & driver messages
Estimate file space usage

  • echo
  • egrep
  • eject
  • enable
  • env
  • ethtool
  • eval
  • exec
  • exit
  • expect
  • expand
  • export
  • expr

Display message on screen
Search file(s) for lines that match an extended expression
Eject removable media
Enable and disable builtin shell commands
Environment variables
Ethernet card settings
Evaluate several commands/arguments
Execute a command
Exit the shell
Automate arbitrary applications accessed over a terminal
Convert tabs to spaces
Set an environment variable
Evaluate expressions

  • false
  • fdformat
  • fdisk
  • fg
  • fgrep
  • file
  • find
  • fmt
  • fold
  • for
  • format
  • free
  • fsck
  • ftp
  • function
  • fuser

Do nothing, unsuccessfully
Low-level format a floppy disk
Partition table manipulator for Linux
Send job to foreground
Search file(s) for lines that match a fixed string
Determine file type
Search for files that meet a desired criteria
Reformat paragraph text
Wrap text to fit a specified width.
Expand words, and execute commands
Format disks or tapes
Display memory usage
File system consistency check and repair
File Transfer Protocol
Define Function Macros
Identify/kill the process that is accessing a file

  • gawk
  • getopts
  • grep
  • groupadd
  • groupdel
  • groupmod
  • groups
  • gzip

Find and Replace text within file(s)
Parse positional parameters
Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern
Add a user security group
Delete a group
Modify a group
Print group names a user is in
Compress or decompress named file(s)

  • hash
  • head
  • help
  • history
  • hostname

Remember the full pathname of a name argument
Output the first part of file(s)
Display help for a built-in command
Command History
Print or set system name

  • iconv
  • id
  • if
  • ifconfig
  • ifdown
  • ifup
  • import
  • install

Convert the character set of a file
Print user and group id’s
Conditionally perform a command
Configure a network interface
Stop a network interface
Start a network interface up
Capture an X server screen and save the image to file
Copy files and set attributes

  • jobs
  • join

List active jobs
Join lines on a common field

  • kill
  • killall

Stop a process from running
Kill processes by name

  • less
  • let
  • ln
  • local
  • locate
  • logname
  • logout
  • look
  • lpc
  • lpr
  • lprint
  • lprintd
  • lprintq
  • lprm
  • ls
  • lsof

Display output one screen at a time
Perform arithmetic on shell variables
Create a symbolic link to a file
Create variables
Find files
Print current login name
Exit a login shell
Display lines beginning with a given string
Line printer control program
Off line print
Print a file
Abort a print job
List the print queue
Remove jobs from the print queue
List information about file(s)
List open files

  • make
  • man
  • mkdir
  • mkfifo
  • mkisofs
  • mknod
  • more
  • mount
  • mtools
  • mtr
  • mv
  • mmv

Recompile a group of programs
Help manual
Create new folder(s)
Make FIFOs (named pipes)
Create an hybrid ISO9660/JOLIET/HFS filesystem
Make block or character special files
Display output one screen at a time
Mount a file system
Manipulate MS-DOS files
Network diagnostics (traceroute/ping)
Move or rename files or directories
Mass Move and rename (files)

  • netstat
  • nice
  • nl
  • nohup
  • notify-send
  • nslookup

Networking information
Set the priority of a command or job
Number lines and write files
Run a command immune to hangups
Send desktop notifications
Query Internet name servers interactively

  • open
  • op

Open a file in its default application
Operator access

  • passwd
  • paste
  • pathchk
  • ping
  • pkill
  • popd
  • pr
  • printcap
  • printenv
  • printf
  • ps
  • pushd
  • pwd

Modify a user password
Merge lines of files
Check file name portability
Test a network connection
Stop processes from running
Restore the previous value of the current directory
Prepare files for printing
Printer capability database
Print environment variables
Format and print data
Process status
Save and then change the current directory
Print Working Directory

  • quota
  • quotacheck
  • quotactl

Display disk usage and limits
Scan a file system for disk usage
Set disk quotas

  • ram
  • rcp
  • read
  • readarray
  • readonly
  • reboot
  • rename
  • renice
  • remsync
  • return
  • rev
  • rm
  • rmdir
  • rsync

ram disk device
Copy files between two machines
Read a line from standard input
Read from stdin into an array variable
Mark variables/functions as readonly
Reboot the system
Rename files
Alter priority of running processes
Synchronize remote files via email
Exit a shell function
Reverse lines of a file
Remove files
Remove folder(s)
Remote file copy (Synchronize file trees)

  • screen
  • scp
  • sdiff
  • sed
  • select
  • seq
  • set
  • sftp
  • shift
  • shopt
  • shutdown
  • sleep
  • slocate
  • sort
  • source
  • split
  • ssh
  • strace
  • su
  • sudo
  • sum
  • suspend
  • symlink
  • sync

Multiplex terminal, run remote shells via ssh
Secure copy (remote file copy)
Merge two files interactively
Stream Editor
Accept keyboard input
Print numeric sequences
Manipulate shell variables and functions
Secure File Transfer Program
Shift positional parameters
Shell Options
Shutdown or restart linux
Delay for a specified time
Find files
Sort text files
Run commands from a file `.‘
Split a file into fixed-size pieces
Secure Shell client (remote login program)
Trace system calls and signals
Substitute user identity
Execute a command as another user
Print a checksum for a file
Suspend execution of this shell
Make a new name for a file
Synchronize data on disk with memory

  • tail
  • tar
  • tee
  • test
  • time
  • times
  • touch
  • top
  • traceroute
  • trap
  • tr
  • true
  • tsort
  • tty
  • type

Output the last part of file
Tape ARchiver
Redirect output to multiple files
Evaluate a conditional expression
Measure Program running time
User and system times
Change file timestamps
List processes running on the system
Trace Route to Host
Run a command when a signal is set(bourne)
Translate, squeeze, and/or delete characters
Do nothing, successfully
Topological sort
Print filename of terminal on stdin
Describe a command

  • ulimit
  • umask
  • umount
  • unalias
  • uname
  • unexpand
  • uniq
  • units
  • unset
  • unshar
  • until
  • uptime
  • useradd
  • userdel
  • usermod
  • users
  • uuencode
  • uudecode

Limit user resources
Users file creation mask
Unmount a device
Remove an alias
Print system information
Convert spaces to tabs
Uniquify files
Convert units from one scale to another
Remove variable or function names
Unpack shell archive scripts
Execute commands (until error)
Show uptime
Create new user account
Delete a user account
Modify user account
List users currently logged in
Encode a binary file
Decode a file created by uuencode

  • v
  • vdir
  • vi
  • vmstat

Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b‘)
Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b‘)
Text Editor
Report virtual memory statistics

  • wait
  • watch
  • wc
  • whereis
  • which
  • while
  • who
  • whoami
  • wget
  • write

Wait for a process to complete
Execute/display a program periodically
Print byte, word, and line counts
Search the user’s $path, man pages and source files for a program
Search the user’s $path for a program file
Execute commands
Print all usernames currently logged in
Print the current user id and name (`id -un‘)
Retrieve web pages or files via HTTP, HTTPS or FTP
Send a message to another user

  • xargs
  • xdg-open

Execute utility, passing constructed argument list(s)
Open a file or URL in the user’s preferred application.

  • yes

Print a string until interrupted

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